Name: Stephen Bantu Biko
Biko was a South African anti-apartheid activist who founded the Black Consciousness Movement. As a young medical student, Biko formed the South African Students’ Organization, a group that fought for the rights of Black, Indian, and mixed-race (“Coloured”) students.
Despite being banned by the white apartheid government, Biko continued his political activities. On August 18, 1977, Biko was arrested. On September 12, he died in police custody.
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